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Pasaseong Stone Wall

Designation Number Historic Site No. 251
Date of Designation May 26, 1970
Age Joseon Dynasty
Location San 9 Cheonsseo-ri, Daeshin-myeon, Yeoju-si, Gyeonggi-do
Scale Circumference 935.5m
Material Stone
Introduction This stone wall was piled up with stones in the shape of a pentagon on the top of a steep hill 250m above sea level. The wall’s circumference is about 943m. Its east gate looks toward Songchon-ri, its south gate looks toward Dangnam-ri and Gyeshin-ri, Heungcheon-myeon near the Namhan River. It is doubtful whether this wall was built in the Three Nation Age, but it is incorrect to argue that this was built in the Silla period in the 2nd year of King Pasa. The reason is that this area cannot be presumed to have been Silla’s territory in 2nd year of King Pasa.

According to records, at the time of the Japanese Invasion of Korea in 1592, Byeon Eung-seong, the Defense General of Gyeonggi-do, claimed to repair the Pasaseong Stone Wall to strengthen defense for the upper stream of the capital city, but these efforts were in vain due to the vast size of the proposed construction work. It is also recorded that Euiam, General of the Monk Army in Hwanghae-do, gathered Buddhist priests and finished repairs so that it could be a border defense fortress armed with ships and weapons.

To repair the important Pasaseong Stone Wall, first Yeoju-gun requested the Gijeon Research Institute of Burials to excavate and inspect the Wall. The inspection found that the Pasaseong Stone Wall was built using an inside-outside stone piling method. Rectangular carved stones and broken stones in indeterminate shapes were used and formed the current structure after a long period of time. Inside the Wall, there are three saliences, two gates, one well and one watering hole. As a result of this inspection, we can presume that the Pasaseong Stone Wall is a relic closely related to the time when the Silla moved to the Han River area. Most of the found relics of the Three Nation Age were clay wares presumably used in Silla, and the building method is likely to be that of Silla. Considering that Pasaseong Stone Wall is located at a traffic hub on a river hill, however, we may also assume that the Wall was used by Baekje.

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